First, let’s explain sunscreen.
What does SPF stand for and what does it mean?
SPF is the “sun protection factor” and it is a relative measure of how long a sunscreen will protect you from UVB rays.
What are the differences between UVB and UVA rays?
Ultraviolet (UV) B rays are the chief cause of reddening and sunburns. These rays tnd to damage the epidermis, AKA the outer layers, and are linked to the most common and least dangerous forms of skin cancer. However, intense exposures that lead to blistering sunburns can be linked to melanoma, another form of skin cancer.
Ultraviolet (UV) A rays are long enough to reach the skin’s dermal layer – this is where the aging signs take place because the damage the collagen and elastic tissue. This is also where the bulk of skin hyperpigmentation takes place that leads to the appearance of tans. Tans are your skin’s natural and imperfect attempt to prevent further injury, but can lead to the mutation of your skin’s cells which ultimately lead to skin cancer. It is extremely important to note that tanning beds/booths use UVA rays to achieve tan skin.
What does “broad spectrum” mean?
Broad spectrum sunscreens protect against both UVB and UVA rays. However, it is important to note that not all sunscreen protects you from 100% of UVB rays.
What’s the best SPF to purchase?
- Broad Spectrum SPF 15 = Protects against 93% of UVB rays
- Broad Spectrum SPF 30 = Protects against 97% of UVB rays
- Anything over 30 has an incremental increase of 1-2%, but cost a lot more so don’t all for the marketing schemes of SPF 100.
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Uses both a chemical and physical compounds to protect skin from both UVA and UVB rays! It is an SPF 30 and is water resistant for 40 minutes!
*Remember, SPF 30 protects you from 97% of UVB rays while micronized titanium dioxide particles deflect the UVA rays (the ones that cause ageing!).
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